WSU Clark County Extension

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Nordmann Fir

Scientific name: Abies nordmanniana

Type:Coniferous trees
Plant Requirements
Zone:4 to 7
Sun:Full sun
Plant Characteristics
Height:60 ft
Width:20 ft
Additional Characteristics



Wildlife value

Description Nordamann Fir is a very beautiful ornamental conifer that is used as cut Christmas tree in the Northwest. This species is also known as Caucasian Fir in the nursery trade.

This conifer can reach a height of 40’ to 60’ and a width of 15’ to 20’. Needles are 1" to 1.5" long with entire margins. Older needles have a black green color. There are 2 whitish stomatal bands on the underside of the needles.

A key method for distinguishing this species from other true firs is the presence of blunt or notched tips at the ends of the needles. Unlike other firs, Nordmann Fir needles lack any significant scent. Also note that the needles are directed forward on the ends of the branches.

Cones are 5”-6” long with a cylindrical shape. They are held upright on the upper branches.

Best suited to maritime regions west of the Cascades. This tree should not be considered in areas with hot dry summers. Christmas tree growers find this fir does well on a wide array of sites in the Northwest. When soil drainage causes problems for Noble fir or Douglas fir, Nordmann does just fine.

No significant insect or disease pests.
For assistance, contact Dr. Charles Brun (, (360) 397-6060 5701
Computing and Web Resources, PO Box 6234, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99164-6234