WSU Clark County Extension

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Everitt's Golden Canadian Hemlock

Scientific name: Tsuga canadensis 'Everitt's Golden'

Taxonomy
Family:Pinaceae
Type:Dwarf conifers
Native:NO
Plant Requirements
Zone:3 to 8
Sun:Full to partial sun
Plant Characteristics
Height:0 ft
Width:0 ft
Additional Characteristics
Trees


Fruit

Leaves


Bark
Wildlife value

Poisonous
Description A dwarf cultivar of the native Canadian Hemlock with leaves that are slightly golden when they first emerge, later turning to a deeper gold as the summer progresses.

  Morphology:
This is dwarf conifer that grows 3”-4” per year and may eventually attain a height of 10’, with a spread of 4’. It forms an upright conical shape with ascending branches. This conifer was found by Samuel Everitt in Eaton, New Hampshire in the wild about 1918. Hemlock leaves consist of very fine-textured needles. Arranged along the twigs on a flat plane, they are three quarter of an inch long and are flat. The tips of the needles are rounded or slightly indented. When one turns the needles over, two whitish bands are found on their undersides. Needles are evergreen, lasting over a period of 3 to 5 years, but some are always being replaced.

  Adaptation:
Best in moist, well-drained, acid soils, but appears adaptable to calcareous soils. Avoid windy, dry and wet sites.

  Pests:
Canadian Hemlock may suffer from adelgids in humid areas. On the west coast they don’t seem be much of a problem.
For assistance, contact Dr. Charles Brun (brunc@wsu.edu), (360) 397-6060 5701
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